Effect of obesity on brain

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We know that obesity can lead to many medical problems including diabetes, sleep apnea, depression, heart disease. According to a recent, obesity has been linked to increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and stroke. Increase in weight is linked to decline in cognitive performance. Neuroimaging studies of people with morbid obesity suggest that they are at a risk for brain atrophy.

Recent research shows that children with obesity have early brain damage and it is associated with memory problems. Being overweight along with a diet rich in sugar and saturated fats affect the brain and reduces impulse control, which in turn makes it difficult for those children to resist the temptation to eat those same foods that are causing the damage.

Study suggests that obesity reduces the white matter of brain, this affects the ability of a brain to relay signals throughout different parts of the brain. Obesity reduces the brain size in several areas important for attention, memory, and processing speed. As people grow older, they become more vulnerable to brain-related disorders which can make the effect of obesity more important.

A high-fat diet may disrupt brain signals that regulate appetite. A system is designed to control the eating of high-fat and high-sugar foods.  A group of specific proteins were found by Dr. Galli’s team which are responsible for hijacking, they cause changes in brain that lead to a vicious cycle of eating increasing amounts of high-fat and high-sugar foods that likely further cement these changes.

Foods that can help to boost the brain’s function:

  • Avocados
  • Blueberries
  • Broccoli
  • Celery
  • Dark Chocolate
  • Green, Leafy Vegetables
  • Salmon
  • Walnuts

 

For more details, please visit: Obesity Meeting 2018

Contact:

Srija Sam| Program Manager
Obesity Meeting 2018
Email: obesitymeeting@conferenceint.com | obesitymeeting2017@gmail.com

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Stigma of obesity

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Discrimination, bias and stigma due to extra weight are frequent experiences for many individuals who are obese. This will have serious consequences for their social and personal well-being, and emotional health.

Social stigma of obesity has created many negative impacts and has caused disadvantages. Weight stigma is similar to it and has been defined as bias or discriminatory behaviors targeted at individuals, because of their weight. Such social stigmas can span an entire life, as long as excess weight is present. Stigma and bias refer to negative attitudes that affect interpersonal interactions and activities in a detrimental way. Stigma may come in several forms, including physical stigma (such as touching, grabbing), verbal types of bias (such as teasing, insults, stereotypes, derogatory names, or pejorative language), or other barriers and obstacles due to weight (such as medical equipment that is too small, chairs or seats in public venues which do not fit, or stores which do not carry clothing in large sizes).  In an extreme form, stigma can result in both subtle and overt forms of discrimination, such as employment discrimination where an obese employee is denied a position due to appearance, despite being qualified.

Many health policy scholars and public health initiatives have suggested that weight stigma can motivate weight loss, but the evidence does not support this notion. Experiencing weight stigma is consistently related to a lack of motivation to exercise and a propensity to overeat.

How to deal with weight stigma?

  • Rather than feeling inferior, practice positive self-talk strategies that emphasize self-acceptance and positive self-esteem.
  • Educate others about the stigma of obesity to help challenge negative attitudes.
  • Get support from people who are struggling with weight stigma, or from friends  who are supportive.
  • Instead of avoiding enjoyable activities because of negative feelings about your weight, set goals to ease these restrictions and participate more fully in these experiences.
  • Be vocal about individual needs and positively assert these to appropriate individuals
  • Participate in public groups to protest weight stigmatization.
  • Talk to a therapist to help identify ways to cope with stigma and to replace self-defeating thoughts or self-blame with healthier ways of coping.

 

For more details, please visit: Obesity Meeting 2018

Contact:

Srija Sam| Program Manager
Obesity Meeting 2018
Email: obesitymeeting@conferenceint.comobesitymeeting2017@gmail.com

Link between obesity and depression

 

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Studies have shown that there is no one-way connection between obesity and depression. Instead, the two tend to cause each other as a self-destructive circle.

1.jpgObesity causes depression. People who are not obese are 25 percent less likely to experience a mood disorders like depression compared to those who are obese. Obesity can cause low self-esteem, poor self-image and isolation which can contribute to depression. Those who are obese can also find themselves stereotyped and discriminated. Obesity and can also result in chronic joint pain and diseases like diabetes and hypertension, which have been linked to depression.

2Depression causes obesity. A study found that people with symptoms of depression were more likely to become obese within a year. The study also found that kids who were less obese and depressed became substantially obese over the next year. People experiencing depression are more likely to overeat, make poor food choices, avoid physical activity. Researchers have found that depressed people with reduced levels of the serotonin have a tendency towards obesity.

Treatment

Depression is easier to treat than obesity, so doctors recommend people with depressive symptoms to treatment as soon as possible. Treatment can include antidepressants and psychotherapy.

A study has shown that people who underwent bariatric surgery for their obesity found that as they lost weight, depression also reduced. A year after surgery, the people have experienced a 77 percent loss of excess body weight, and 18 percent reduction in symptoms of depression.

Diet for depression:

  • Beta-carotene: apricots, broccoli, cantaloupe, carrots, collards, peaches, pumpkin, spinach, sweet potato
  • Vitamin C: blueberries, broccoli, grapefruit, kiwi, oranges, peppers, potatoes, strawberries, tomato
  • Vitamin E: margarine, nuts and seeds, vegetable oils, wheat germ
  • Mediterranean-style diet
  • Fermented foods
  • Leafy greens
  • Dark chocolate

 

For more details, please visit: Obesity Meeting 2018

Contact:

Srija Sam| Program Manager
Obesity Meeting 2018
Email: obesitymeeting@conferenceint.comobesitymeeting2017@gmail.com

Obesity and liver health

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We know that obesity is a risk factor for several noncommunicable diseases, it can lead to diabetes and other metabolic conditions, but there is less awareness that obesity can lead to serious liver disease.

Research shows that with increasing childhood obesity, kids are seen with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease occurs when fat accumulates in the liver cells and triggers inflammation, which causes liver damage. It is the most common chronic liver condition seen in children.  It is currently the most common liver disease worldwide. Symptoms can include abdominal pain and slightly enlarged liver.

NAFLD is a part of the metabolic syndrome which can be characterized by being overweight or obese, diabetes, or pre-diabetes, increase in blood lipids such as cholesterol and triglycerides, high blood pressure. Patients can have all the manifestations of the metabolic syndrome or just few.

Following are few of the causes for the development of NAFLD:

  • Oxidative stress (imbalance between pro-oxidant and anti-oxidant chemicals that lead to liver cell damage)
  • Production and release of toxic inflammatory proteins (cytokines) by the patient’s own inflammatory cells, liver cells, or fat cells
  • Liver cell necrosis or death, called apoptosis
  • Adipose tissue (fat tissue) inflammation and infiltration by white blood cells
  • Gut microbiota (intestinal bacteria) which may play a role in liver inflammation

 

For more details, please visit: Obesity Meeting 2018

Join the conference as speaker by submitting your research.

Abstract submission link: CLICK HERE

Contact:

Srija Sam| Program Manager
Obesity Meeting 2018
Email: obesitymeeting@conferenceint.comobesitymeeting2017@gmail.com

 

Weight gain after surgery: Causes and prevention

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Weight gain is the most common complication which can arise after surgery. Following are the medical conditions that can lead to weight gain post-surgery.

  • Pregnancy: About 80% of women suffer from significant weight gain after pregnancy, where the delivery occurs with the help of a C-Section.
  • Kidney problems
  • Heart problems
  • Thyroid issues
  • Adrenal issues
  • New medications

The problems which lead to weight gain after surgery:

Fluid Retention: The major cause for weight gain after surgery is the fluid retention. Water is retained in the interstitial space in your body. This leads to weight gain and causes a bloated look. Fluid retention can take place in few parts of the body or the overall body; for example, swollen feet and hands.

Trauma: The body tissues undergo trauma during surgery. This causes inflammation which can lead to fluid retention. The chances of fluid retention are higher if the surgery is due to any accident.

Stress: Hormonal imbalances occur in the body due to stress. This is responsible for excessive fluid retention. Surgery related stress results in high levels of ADH, which makes the kidneys to store the body water. This can also increase weight gain.

Stagnation: Patients are most likely to do very little work after surgery. This leads to weight gain. Patients are encouraged to do some exercises wards off excess weight and also helps to fight post-surgery depression.

Comfort Food: This is the main reason for weight gain after surgery. The cravings that occur post-surgery are the reason for getting the extra calories.

Precautions

  • If a patient gains weight rapidly, they must seek medical attention. It can take a week to get back to the normal appetite after the surgery. However, it is crucial not to stop eating or worse, to eat unhealthy foods.
  • High-calorie food should be replaced with low-calorie food. It should include foods that are high in fiber and water.
  • Safe exercising and weightloss options such as yoga, swimming, brisk walk are good precautions to prevent weight gain.
  • It is also advisable to get ample sleep and to take some precautions against overstressing immediately after the surgery.
  • Avoiding alcohol and smoking is beneficial to health.
  • The right health supplements can promote health and help combat negative side effects after surgery.

 

Join the conference as speaker by submitting your research.
Abstract submission link: CLICK HERE

To attend as delegates, kindly register: CLICK HERE

For more details, please visit: Obesity Meeting 2018

Contact:

Srija Sam| Program Manager
Obesity Meeting 2018
Email: obesitymeeting@conferenceint.comobesitymeeting2017@gmail.com